Pearl Hunting is the process of spotting or extracting eye catchy pearl stones deep inside of the sea. The history of hunting of the pearl stone lies back in ancient times. It has been conferred that near about 2000 years ago the pearl hunting process was commenced.
According to historians the hunt for pearl stone had been incepted by pandays of south India. They used to dive deep in the sea to gather the natural pearl stone from the oyster’s beds. The main intention behind their hunt was to trade these captivating pearl stones in foreign markets.
Gradually, the trend of hunting pearl stone had been escalated across the world and in countries like Japan and Gulf of Mannar initiated to plunge into the sea to collect finest quality pearl stones. However, nowadays due to emergence of new technologies the job of hunting pearl stone has not remained complicated like earlier times.
In Earlier times, divers used to aggregate gemstones manually by diving deep inside the sea. In fact, some times in order to congregate fine quality pearl stone, they had to descend around 100 ft. in a single hold of breadth. Along with that, a diver used to expose to several sea jeopardizes such as sea creatures, sea diseases, drowning, eyes problems and waves.
Normally, a diver compelled to plunge around 40 ft. most often to collect the fine quality pearl stone. However, pearl stones were also spotted around 5ft water, but the quality of that pearl used to be inferior and the quantity was also bounded. Therefore, divers had to normally dive deep inside the sea to explore the natural pearl stone oysters.
Likewise, in earlier times, the sea workers had only basic equipment’s and technologies that were not sufficient to support their survival deep inside the sea. In most of the cases they used to grip a mouthed basket to gather the pearl oysters and cover their nostrils with cotton cloth to block the entry of water they often used tortoise shell and greased their body to preserve heat.
Due to the extreme complications involved in the process of discovering natural pearl stone and the limited availability of natural pearl stone. In fact around mid of the 19th centuries; it was almost rare to find a natural pearl oyster and during this period the inferior quality pearl stones were spotted hugely.
And, many divers took the advantages of this and sold some extremely fascinating pearl stones at lump sum amounts. However, due to over harvesting the quality of pearl oyster had depleted hugely.
Therefore, keeping the above concern along with the safety issues in mind, many governments had banned the hunt for natural pearl stone. Although, due to the extinction of natural pearl stones, the government of America had announced to cultivate cultured pearl stone in certain reserved areas of the sea shores and water lagoons.
Thereafter, the culture pearl stones and freshwater pearl stones have succeeded the natural pearl stone. The countries like Japan, Sri Lanka and Mexico are the principal countries nowadays that produce around billions of pearl stone in a single year.
The technique of harvesting or cultivating of cultured or artificial pearl stone has taken from Japan. Moreover, Japan is regarded to be the trendsetter in the field of growing maximum number of cultured pearl stone. Nowadays, pearl stone is cultivated in the water lagoons of freshwater and saltwater.
Since, pearl hunting has banned though in countries like Japan and South America especially in the rivers of Ohio and Tennessee still pearl diving as well as pearl hunting is done for tourism purpose.